EU-MACS Coordinator: Prof. Adriaan Perrels,

Fondazione Centro Euro-Mediterraneo sui Cambiamenti Climatici

CMCC | Italy

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The Fondazione Centro Euro-Mediterraneo sui Cambiamenti Climatici (Fondazione CMCC) is a non-profit research institution. CMCC’s mission is to investigate and model our climate system and its interactions with society to provide reliable, rigorous, and timely scientific results, which will in turn stimulate sustainable growth, protect the environment, and develop science driven adaptation and mitigation policies in a changing climate. CMCC collaborates with experienced scientists, economists, and technicians, which work together in order to provide full analyses of climate impacts on various systems such as agriculture, ecosystems, coasts, water resources, health, and economics. CMCC also supports policymakers in setting and assessing costs, mitigation, and adaptation policies.

CMCC benefits from the extensive applied research experience of its members: Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (INGV); Università del Salento; Centro Italiano di Ricerche Aerospaziali (CIRA S.c.p.a.); Università Ca’ Foscari Venezia; Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei (FEEM), Università di Sassari, Università della Tuscia, Università degli Studi del Sannio. CMCC research activities are distributed among eight research divisions that share different knowledge and skills in the field of climate science: Advanced Scientific Computing (ASC) Division; Climate Simulation and Prediction (CSP) Division; Economic analysis of Climate Impacts and Policy (ECIP) Division; Impacts on Agriculture, Forests and Ecosystem Services (IAFES) Division; Ocean modeling and Data Assimilation (ODA) Division; Ocean Predictions and Applications (OPA) Division; Risk Assessment and Adaptation Strategies (RAAS) Division; Regional Models and geo-Hydrological Impacts (REHMI) Division.

CMCC acquired portfolio of research projects includes 172 funded projects: 2 funded projects in FP6, 35 funded projects in FP7, 16 funded projects in H2020 and 119 funded projects under other EU and international research grants. In about a half of the implemented projects, CMCC acted as the coordinator.

Role in Project

CMCC brings in expertise in climate modeling and technical and practical expertise on developing high end climate services. CMCC is involved in work packages WP1, WP2, WP4, WP5 and WP6.

Principal Investigator

Jaroslav Mysiak

Jaroslav Mysiak is the director of the CMCC’s RAAS (Risk assessment and adaptation strategies) research division. He is also an external teacher at the Ca’Foscari University Venice and senior scientist at the Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei (FEEM), one of the CMCC’s founding members. Jaroslav is a key expert of the European Environmental Agency’s Topic Center on Climate Change impacts, vulnerability and adaptation (ETC-CCA), and manager of the task on Disaster Risk Reduction and climate extremes. Jaroslav is a member of the scientific advisory board of the CIMA- International Centre on Environmental Monitoring and the BlueAp – Bologna Local Urban Environment Adaptation Plan for a Resilient City. He is an interlocutor of major international (such as UN Office for Disaster Risk Reduction) and national organisations (e.g. Italian Department for Civil Protection). He was a lead author of the Italian National Adaptation Strategy. Jaroslav coordinated major research projects and assessment exercises in Europe and beyond. He was the team leader of the UNDP coordinated project’s developing the disaster risk reduction strategy and action plan for the Republic of Mauritius, and contributed to similar assessments elsewhere (e.g. Nigeria, St. Lucia). He has also coordinated several European Framework Programme projects, including the EPI-WATER and XEROCHORE, as well as other international projects such as PREEMPT, WATER2ADAPT, and CostAdapt.

Relevant Publications

Pérez-Blanco, C. D., Standardi, G., Mysiak, J., Parrado, R. and Gutiérrez-Martín, C. (2016) Incremental water charging in agriculture. A case study of the Regione Emilia Romagna in Italy, Environ. Model. Softw., 78, 202–215.

Mysiak, J. and Perez-Blanco, D. (2015) Partnerships for affordable and equitable disaster insurance., Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss.

EEA: Overview of climate change adaptation platforms in Europe (2015). European Environment Agency Technical report No 5/2015,

Scoccimarro, E., Villarini, G., Vichi, M., Zampieri, M., Fogli, P. G., Bellucci, A. and Gualdi, S. (2015) Projected Changes in Intense Precipitation over Europe at the Daily and Subdaily Time Scales*, J. Clim., 28(15), 6193–6203, doi:10.1175/jcli-d-14-00779.1.

Zampieri, M., Scoccimarro, E., Gualdi, S. and Navarra, A. (2015) Observed shift towards earlier spring discharge in the main Alpine rivers, Sci. Total Environ., 503, 222–232.

Relevant previous projects and activities

Cost Adapt – Adaptation service for regional assessment of climate risks, Climate KIC, European Institute of Technology (Pathfinder), 2015. The project developed a new climate service consisting by economic assessment of climate related risk, using regionalised general equilibrium model.

CLIP-C Climate Information Platform for Copernicus, EC – FP7, 2013-2016. CLIP-C has developed a platform enabling access to climate information of direct relevance to a wide variety of users, from scientists to policy makers and private sector decision makers. Information includes data from satellite and in-situ observations, climate models and re-analyses, transformed data products to enable impacts assessments and climate change impact indicators. The platform complements existing Copernicus pre-operational components

ETC-CCA – European Topic Centre on: Climate Change impacts, vulnerability and adaptation 2011-2013, European Environment Agency. ETC-CCA assists the European Environment Agency (EEA) in its support to EU policy by improving information including on: data and indicators on climate change and its impacts across sectors and regions, assessment of climate change vulnerabilities and natural hazard risks to society and ecosystems and current or planned adaptation strategies and actions

WATENERCAST – Adapt, through tailored weather-related forecast, the water and energy operations to the increased weather fluctuations and to climate change, Climate KIC, European Institute of Technology (Pathfinder), 2015-2018. The project develops downscaled seasonal forecasts, which allow bias correction of the model output and an increase of spatial resolution, suitable for small scale processes.

Relevant infrastructure:

CMCC operates its own Supercomputing Center (located in the “Ecotekne” Campus in Lecce) whose HPC facilities have been ranked among the most powerful supercomputing systems in the world and among the most powerful computational facilities in Italy.

The CMCC HPC facility, Athena, is an IBM iDataplex supercomputer based on Intel E5-2670 multicore architecture and InfiniBand FDR interconnection, with two DDN SFA10000 storage subsystems capable to offer a storage capacity of about 840TB in total and an I/O performance of 6GBytes/sec per disk array (about 8000 Intel Xeon Sandy Bridge cores , 160 TFlops peak performance).